12 May How to Choose Trees at a Tree Nursery ?
All newly planted trees begin life in a nursery. They’re selected from sound parent stock that are normally impervious to dangers like disease, drought and pests. Some nursery trees start from seeds. Others are grown from cuttings taken from a mature plant. Regardless of which way a tree has sprouted, you’re certain to get a higher survival rate by picking solid trees developed in a nursery as opposed to planting seeds on your site.
While choosing trees from a nursery, there are three essential elements to consider. First, you should assess your site conditions. You should also know the trees purpose, i.e. shade, visibility barrier, etc. Next, you require a long-term vision of the tree’s mature shape and size. Taking these these three variables into consideration gives you the best chance to choose the proper kind of trees from a nursery.
It’s best to complete a site investigation that evaluates the wind direction, sunlight availability, viewpoints and distance from potential obstacles such as overlap with overhead and underground utilities and property lines. Also vital is the soil conditions like drainage and compaction and the water supply.
Tree health begins with how the nursery nurtures and takes care of their new trees. The principal thing to look for is a tree’s outward presentation. A healthy tree will have the accompanying traits which are a vigorous appearance, not beat-up or pitiful, No indications of water deficiency, for example, dark colored, wavy leaves or needles, Little or no scarring on the trunk and branch wood. Nonappearance of blotching or gaps on leaves that show pest damage, and an uniform bark that is not injured or blemished.
Remember to look out for dead branches and twigs. Look for a healthy top leader, the vertical stem situated at the highest point of the trunk. Stay away from trees with multiple leaders and this makes weak spots that could split the tree. Look for trunks that decrease in size consistently as you move up the tree and evenly distributed branches.
Here are a few other things you must keep in mind when choosing your tree:
Canopy uniformity is vital. A “hole” in the canopy will be evident as you walk around the tree. Branches and foliage should be uniformly spread. This will depend a bit on the species of tree as well as the current season of year.
Pruning cuts should be noticed too. Numerous nursery trees, particularly more seasoned ones, should have been pruned. Look for indications of expert pruning. A well trimmed tree will have branches clipped an inch or two away from the trunk, with the cut perpendicular to the direction of the branch growth. Novice cuts will be made flush against the trunk and leaving open the possibility of infection.
Staking is something else to look for. Larger or sensitive nursery trees are regularly staked to help train their growth. This is another indication of quality care and consolation that you’re getting a tree of good value.
Utilize the flex test, which is a basic test to evaluate root quality. Hold the ball or pot and push gently on the tree trunk. If the root remains firm and the trunk twists or flexes, that is a decent sign. In any case, if the trunk stays straight and the roots flex, take that as a warning for a weak and undeveloped root system.